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Hesi MedSurg Questions

Updated: Dec 13, 2018


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Hesi Med Surg review

1. What instruction should the nurse include in the discharge teaching plan of a client who had a cataract extraction today?

a. Sexual activities may be resumed upon return home

b. Light housekeeping is permitted but avoid heavy lifting

c. Use a metal eye shield on operative eye during the day

d. Administer eye ointment before applying eye drops


2. A male adult comes to the urgent care clinic 5 days after being diagnose with influenza. He is short of breath, febrile, and coughing green colored sputum. Which intervention should the nurse implement first?

a. Obtain a sputum sample for culture

b. Check his oxygen saturation level

c. Administer an oral antipyretic

d. Auscultate bilateral lung sound


3. An elder male client tells the nurse that he is loosing sleep because he has to get up several times at night to go to the bathroom that he has trouble starting his urinary stream and that he does not feel like his bladder is ever completely empty. Which intervention should the nurse implement?

a. collect a urine specimen for culture analysis

b. obtain a fingerstick blood glucose level

c. palpate the bladder above the symphysis pubis

d. review the client fluid intake


4. An adult client is admitted with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and a urinary tract infection (UTI) Prescriptions for intravenous antibiotics and insulin infusion are initiated. Which serum laboratory value warrants the most immediate intervention by the nurse?

a. blood ph of 7.30

b. glucose of 350 mg /dl

c. white blood cell count of 15000mm

d. potassium of 2.5 meq/l


5. A client with sickle cell anemia develops a fever during the last hour of administration of a unit of packed red blood cell. When notifying the healthcare provider what information should the nurse provide first using the SBAR communication process?

a. explain specific reason for urgent notification

b. preface the report by stating the clients name and admitting diagnosis

c. communicate the pre-transfusion temperatures

d. optain prn prescription for acetaminophen for fever 101f


6. An adult male client is admitted for pneumocystis carinil pneumonia (PCP) secondary to aids. While hospitalize he receives IV pentamidine isethionate therapy. In preparing this client for discharge what important aspect regarding his medication therapy should the nurse explain?

a. AZT therapy must be stopped when IV aerosol pentamine is being used.

b. IV pentamine will be given until oral pentamine can be tolerated

c. It will be necessary to continue prophylactic doses of IV or aerosol pentamine every month

d. Iv pentamine may offer protection to others aids related conditions such as kaposis sarcoma


7. A client subjective data includes dysuria, urgency, and urinary frequency. What action should the nurse implement next?

a. collect a clean catch specimen

b. palpate the suprapubic region

c. instruct to wipe from front to back

d. inquire about recent sexual activity


8. A client tells the nurse that her biopsy results indicate that the cancer cells are well differentiated How should the nurse respond?

a. offer the client reassurance that this information indicates that the clients cancer cells are benign

b. explain that these tissue cells often respond more effectively to radiation than to chemotherapy

c. ask the client in the healthcare provider has giving her any information about the classification of her cancer

d. help the client make plans to begin inmediate treatment since her cancer is likely to spread quickly


9. A client with a chronic kidney disease is treated on hemodialysis. During the 1 treatment clients blood pressure drops from 150/90 to 80/30 Which action should the nurse take first?

a. monitor bp q45 minutes

b. lower the head of the chair and elevate feet

c. stop dialysis treatment

d. administer 5%albumin IV


10.A client with deep vain thrombosis (DVT) is receiving a continues infusion of heparin sodium 25,000 unit in 5% dextrose injection 250ml. The prescription indicates the dosage should be increase 900 units/hr. The nurse should program the infusion pump to deliver how many ml/hr?

=9


11.The nurse is obtaining the admission history for a client with suspected peptic ulcer disease (PUD). Which subjective data reported by the client supports this diagnosis?

a. upper mid abdominal gnawing and burning pain

b. severe abdominal cramps and diarrhea after eating spicy foods

c. marked loss of weight and appetite over the last few months

d. use of chewable and liquid antacids for indigestion


12.The nurse is providing preoperative education for a jewish client schedule to receive a xenograft graft to promote burn healing. Which information should the nurse provide this client?

a. the xenograft is taken from nonhuman sources

b. grafting increases the risk for bacterial infection

c. as the burn heals the graft permanently attaches

d. grafts are later removed by debriding procedure


13.A client who took a camping vacation two weeks ago in a country with a tropical climate comes to the clinic describing vague symptoms and diarrhea for the past week. Which finding is most important for the nurse to report?

a. jaundice sclera

b. intestinal cramping

c. weakness and fatigue

d. weight loss


14.During a home visit the nurse assesses the skin of a client with eczema who reports than an exacerbation of symptoms has occurred during the last week. Which information is most useful in determining the possible cause of the symptoms?

a. an old friend with eczema came for visit

b. recently received an influenza immunization

c. corticosteroid cream was applied to eczema

d. a grandson and his new dog recently visited


15.When explaining dietary guidelines to a client with acute glomerulonephritis (AGN) which instruction should the nurse include in the dietary teaching?

a. select a protein rich food daily

b. restrict sodium intake

c. eat high potassium foods

d. Avoid foods high in carbohydrate


16.A male client who is 24hr post operative for an exploratory laparoctomy complains that he is starving because he has had no real food since before surgery. Prior to advancing his diet which intervention should the nurse implememt?

a. discontinue intravenous therapy

b. Assess for abdominal distension and tenderness

c. Obtain a prescription for a diet change

d. Auscultate bowel sound in all four quadrants


17.A client diagnose with stable angina secondary to ischemic heart disease has a prescription for sublingual (SL) nitroglycerin (NTG). The nurse should tell the client to follow which instructions if chest pain is not relieved after taking 3 NTG tables 5 min apart?

a. drive to the nearest emergency department

b. take another NTG SL tablet and lie down until angina subsides

c. call primary healthcare provider

d. call 911 pain is unrelieved and chew a tablet of aspirin 325mg


18.After taking orlistat (Xenical) for one week a femela client tells the home health nurse that she is experiencing increasingly frequent oily stools and flatus. What action should the nurse take?

a. obtain stool specimen to evaluate for occult blood and fat content

b. instruct the client to increase her intake of saturated fats over the next week

c. ask the client to describe her dietary intake history for the last several days

d. advice the client to stop taking the drug and contact the healthcare provider


19.Two days after an abscess of the chin was drained the client returns to the clinic with fever chills and a maculopapular rash with pruritis. The client has taken an oral antibiotic and cleansed the wound today with provide iodine (Betadine) solution. Which intervention should the nurse implement first?

a. determine if the client has a history of diabetes

b. assess airway patency and oxygen saturation

c. review recent medication history and allergies ( POSSIBLE ANSWER TOO)

d. obtain samples for complete blood count and cultures


20.A client experiences an ABO incompatibility reaction after multiple blood transfusions. Which finding should the nurse report immediately to the health care provider?

a. low back pain and hypotension

b. rhinitis and nasal stuffiness

c. delayed painful rash with urticarial

d. arthritic joint changes and chronic pain


21.A young adult male who has had type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is admitted to the intensive care unit with hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome (HHNS). A sliding scale protocol for an isotonic IV solution with regular insulin is prescribed based on the results of a continuous blood glucose monitoring device that is attached to the client’s central venous catheter. When the client’s respirations become labored and his lungs sound indicate crackles what action should the nurse take?

a. collect a specimen for a white blood cell count and cultures

b. determine the clients glycosylated hemoglobin (A1C) (POSSIBLE ANSWER)

c. administer insulin IV push until the clients fluid volume is adjusted

d. decrease infusion rate to address fluid overload


22.When preparing to apply a fentanyl (Duragesic) transdermal patch the nurse notes that the previously applied patch is intact on the client’s upper back and the client denies pain. What action should the nurse take?

a. Remove the patch and consult with the healthcare provider about the client pain resolution

b. Place the patch on the clients shoulder and leave both patches in place for 12 hours

c. Administer an oral analgesic and evaluate its effectiveness before applying a new patch

d. Apply a new patch in a different location after removing the original patch


23.A client who had a myocardial infarction is admitted to the coronary critical care unit (CCU) with a nitroglycerin drip infusing. The clients last blood pressure measurements was 78/36.What action should the nurse implement?

a. obtain blood pressure q5 minutes using duranap machine

b. change the dilution of the nitroglycerin infusion

c. reduce the rate of the nitroglycerin infusion

d. begin dopamine infusion at 5mcg/kg per minute


24.An adolescent is admitted to the hospital because of a suicide attempt with an overdose of acetaminophen (Tylenol). Which blood values are most important for the nurse to monitor during the first 72 hours following ingestion of this overdose?

a. BUN creatinine specific gravity

b. White blood count, hemoglobin hematocrit

c. PH,PCO2, HC03

d. LDH OR LD, SGOT OR ALT, SGPT OR AST


25.An elderly post-operative female client is receiving morphine sulfate via a PCA pump. Which assessment finding should prompt a nurse to administer the prescribed PRN medication naloxone?

a. her respiratory rate is 7 breath/minute

b. she indicates that she feels as if she cannot get enough air to breath

c. she has intercostal retractions and bilateral wheezing is auscultated

d. her pulse oximeter is 89% on room air


26.Which assessment finding indicates to the nurse that the muscarinic agent bethanechol (Urecholine) is effective for a client diagnose with urinary retention?

a. urinary output equal to intake

b. no terminal urinary dribbling

c. denies stress incontinence

d. absence of xerostomia


27.Following involvement in a motor vehicle collision, a middle aged adult client is admitted to the hospital with multiple facial fractures. The client’s blood alcohol level is high on admission. Which PRN prescription should be administer if the clients begins to exhibit signs and symptoms of delirium tremens (DT s)?

a. Lorazepam (Ativan) 2mg IM

b. Chlorpromazine (thorazine) 50 mg IM

c. Prochlorperazine (Compazine) 5 mg IM

d. Hydromorphone (Dilaudid) 2 mg IM


28.Which instructions should the nurse include in the teaching plan of a client who is taking the diuretic spironolactone (Aldactone)?

a. call the healthcare provider f you develop gynecomastia

b. Take the medication in the morning

c. Avoid caffeine and smoking

d. Increase your consumption of bananas and oranges


29.A glucagon emergency kit is prescribed for a client with type 1 diabetes mellitus. When should the nurse instruct the client to take the glucagon?

a. after meals to increase endogenous insulin secretion

b. after insulin administration to prevent hypoglycemia

c. when recognized signs of severe hypoglycemia occur

d. when unable to eat during sick days


30.A client with hyperthyroidism is being treated with radioactive iodine (I-131). Which explanation should be included in preparing this client for this treatment?

a. describe radioactive iodine as a tasteless, colorless medication administered by the healthcare provider

b. explain the need for using lead shields for 2 to 3 weeks after the treatment

c. describe the signs of goiter because this is a common side effects of radioactive iodine

d. explain that relief of the signs/ symptoms of hyperthyroidism will occur immediately

31.A female client is being treated for tuberculosis with rifampin (rifadin) which statement indicates that further teaching is needed?

a. I will take my usual contraceptive for birth control

32.A client is discharged with a prescription for warfarin (Coumadin). What discharge instructions should the nurse emphasize to the client?

a. take a multi vitamin supplement daily

b. use an astringent for superficial bleeding

c. avoid going barefoot especially outside

d. include large amounts of spinach in the diet

33.In caring for a client with diabetes insipidus who is receiving an antidiuretic hormone intranasal which serum lab test is most important for the nurse to monitor?

a. osmolality

b. calcium

c. platelets

d. glucose

34.After administering dihydroergotamine (Migranal) 1 mg subcutaneously to a client with a severe migraine headache the nurse should explain that relief can be expected within what time frame?

a. 2 hours

b. 5 minutes

c. 1 hour

d. 15 minutes

35.A client with hypertension who has been taking labetalol for two weeks, reports a five pound (2.2 kg) weight gain. Which follow up assessment is most important for the nurse to obtain?

a. capillary refill

b. body temperature

c. muscle strength

d. breath sounds

36.A male client is receiving pilocarpine hydrochloride (Isopto Carpine) ophthalmic drops for glaucoma. He calls the clinic and ask the nurse why he has difficulty seeing at night. What explanation should the nurse provide?

a. The eye drops slow pupil response to accommodate for darkness

b. The drops increase the fluid in the eyes and cloud the visual field ( possible answer)

c. The drug can cause lens to become more opaque

d. The medication causes pupils to dilate which reduces night vision

37.A client who is taking and oral dose of tetracycline complains of gastrointestinal upset. What snack should the nurse instruct the client to take with the tetracycline?

a. toasted wheat bread and jelly

b. cheese and crackers

c. cold cereal with skim milk

d. fruit flavored yogurt

38.The therapeutic effect of insulin in treating type 1 diabetes mellitus is based on which physiologic action?

a. Facilitates transport of glucose into the cell

b. Increases intracellular receptor site sensitivity

c. Stimulates function of beta cells in the pancreas

d. Delays carbohydrates digestion and absorption

39.The health care provider prescribe a medication for an older adult client who is complaining of insomnia. And instructs the client to return in 2 weeks. The nurse should question which prescription?

a. Eszoplicone (Lunesta)10 mg orally at bed time

b. Zolpidem 10 mg orally at bed time

c. Temazepan orally at bed time

d. Ramelteon orally at bedtime

40.A male client reports to the nurse that he is experiencing GI distress from high dose of a corticosteroid and is planning to stop taking the medication. In response to the client’s statement what nursing action is most important for the nurse to take?

a. Encourage the client to take medication with food to decrease GI distress

b. Advice the client that the medication should be stopped gradually rather than abruptly.

c. Review the clients dosing schedule to ensure he is taking the prescribed amount

d. Assess the client for other indication of adverse effects of corticosteroid

41.Fifteen minutes after receiving sulfa athenozole. A male client report a burning sensation over his abdomen chest and groin. Which intervention is most important for the nurse to implement?

a. Auscultate lung sounds for wheezing

b. Review the clients list if drugs allergies

c. Add sulfamethinozole to clients allergies

d. Check neurological vital signs

42.Antibiotic resistant organism are a major infection control problems. To help minimize the emergence of resistant bacteria what instruction should the nurse provide to the clients?

a. stop taking prescribed antibiotics when symptoms decrease

b. avoid using antibiotics when suffering from colds or the flu

c. ask the healthcare provider to prescribe the newest antibiotic when needed

d. request a prescription for first time vancomysin for a sore throat

43.A client with symptoms of influenza that started the previous day ask the clinic nurse about taking oseltamivir (Tamiflu) to treat the infection. Which response should the nurse provide?

a. Advise the client once symptoms occur is too late to receive an influenza vaccination

b. Refer the client to the healthcare provider at the clinic to obtain a medication prescription

c. Explain to the client that antibiotics are not useful in treating viral infections such as influenza

d. Instruct the client that over the counter medications are sufficient to manage influenza symptoms

44.Twenty minutes after the nurse starts a secondary IV infusion of cafepime (maxipime) 2 grams using an infusion pump to deliver the dose in one hour, the client reports feeling nauseated. What action should the nurse implement?

a. stop medication infusion and notify the healthcare provider of the adverse effect

b. increase the rate of the infusion to complete the dose of the medication more rapidly

c. continue the infusion and administer a prn antiemetic prescription

d. reassure the client that the nausea is not related to the iv infusion

45.The nurse administer donepezil hydrochloride (Aricept) to a client with Alzheimer’s disease as an intervention for which client problem?

a. fluid volume excess

b. disturbed thought processes

c. chronic pain

d. altered breathing patterns

46.To prevent deep vein thrombosis following knee replacement surgery, an adult male client is receiving enoxaparin (Lovenox) subcutaneously daily. Which laboratory finding requires immediate action by the nurse?

a. blood urea nitrogen (BUN) 20mg/dl or 7.1 mmol/L (SI)

b. Hematocrit 45%

c. Serum creatinine 1.0 mg/dl or 88.4 mol/L (SI)

d. Platelet count of 100,000/mm3 or 100x10??/ L (SI)

47.A client with type 2 diabetes mellitus is managed with metformin (Glucophage), an oral hypoglycemic agent. The primary health care provider prescribes ad additional medication injected exenatide (byetta). Which information is most important for the nurse to teach this client?

a. Administer subcutaneously after meals

b. Consume additional sources of potassium

c. Notify the healthcare provider if anorexia occurs

d. Watch for signs of jitteriness or diaphoresis ( POSSIBLE ANSWER)

48.A client is who is diagnose with schizophrenia receives a prescription for an atypical antipsychotic drug aripipazole (Abilify). Which assessment should the nurse perform to monitor for an adrenergic receptor antagonist side effect that commonly occurs atypical antipsychotic agents?

a. observe the client hallucinatory behaviors

b. obtain the client finger stick glucose levels

c. measure the clients lying and standing blood pressure

d. determine the clients abnormal involuntary movements scale (AIMS)

1- A client with pheocromocytoma reports the onset of a severe headache. The nurse observes that the client is very diaphoretic. Which assessment data should the nurse obtain first?

Blood pressure

2- The drainage in the chest tube of a client with emphysema has changed from clear watery fluid. What action would be best for the nurse to take/

Maintain the current IV antibiotic schedule

3- A client is admitted with a sudden onset of right sided the nurse complete first?

Observe for peripheral edema

4- When planning care for a client newly diagnose with open angle glaucoma, the nurse identifies a priority nursing diagnosis of “ Visual sensory/perceptual alterations”. This diagnosis is based on which etiology?

Decreased peripheral vision

5- A client in the operating room received succinylcholine. The client is experiencing muscle rigidity and has an extremely high temperature. What action should the nurse implement?

Call the PACU nurse to prepare for prolonged ventilatory support

Also know that PACU is BP, Respiration and Pulse

6- A client who is receiving packed red blood cells develops nausea and vomiting. What action should the nurse take first?

Stop the infusion of blood

Te lo pueden poner como hemodialysis y tambien es STOP transfusion

7- A client with type 2 diabetes mellitus is admitted to the hospital for uncontrolled DM. Insulin therapy is initiated with initial dose of Humulin insulin at 8:00 at 16:00 the client complains of diaphoresis, rapid heart beat, and feeling shaky. What should the nurse do first?

Determine the client current glucose level

8- After suctioning the patient with an endotracheal tube, which assessment finding indicates to the nurse that the intervention was effective?

Increase in breath sounds

9- The nurse observes an increase number of blood clots in the drainage tubing of a client with continuous bladder irrigation following a transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). What is the best initial nursing action?

Provide additional oral fluid intake

Also with TURP you must know that 3l of water a day is needed

10- Which nursing diagnosis should be selected for a client who is receiving thrombolytic infusions for treatment of an acute myocardial infarction?

Risk for injury related to effects of thrombolysis

11- The nurse is assessing a client who has returned from surgery following a thoracotomy. Which finding indicates the client is experiencing adequate gas exchange?

The client demonstrates effective coughing and deep breathing exercises

12- When caring for a client with nephrotic syndrome which assessment is most important for the nurse to obtain?

Daily Weight

13- A client who had a biliopancreatic diversion procedure (BOP) 3 months ago is admitted with severe dehydration. Which assessment finding warrants immediate intervention by the nurse?

Gastroccult positive emesis


43- After a computer tomography (CT) scan with intravenous contrast medium, a client returns to the room complaining of shortness of breath and itching. Which intervention should the nurse implement?

A. Send another nurse for an emergency tracheotomy set

B. Call respiratory therapy to give a breathing treatment

C. Review the client's complete list of allergies

D. Prepare a dose of Epinephrine (Adrenalin

44- The nurse is reviewing blood pressure readings for a group of client's on a medical unit. Which client is at the highest risk for complications related to hypertension?

A. Young adult Hispanic female who has a hemoglobin of 11 gm and drinks beer every day

B. Middle-aged African-American male who has a serum creatinine level of 2.9 mg/dL

C. Older Asian male who eats a diet consisiting of smoked, cured, and pickled foods.

D. Post-menopausal Caucasian female who overeats and is 20% above ideal body weight

1. Shingles

- Teach the pt about phantom pain

2. Shingles Select all the apply

- pain

- ability

- skin integrity

3. PATIENT W/ EZCEMA APPLYING CREAM TTO IS WORKING:

- HEALING WITH A RETURN SKIN TO NORMAL APPEARANCE.

4. PT WITH OBESITY HIGH GLUCOSE LEVEL IS AT RISK FOR?

- CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE

5. FOR ANEMIA WHAT DOESN’T HAVE IRON, WHICH FOODS ARE NOT RICH IN IRON?

- NO ORANGE

6. PT. W/ RISK OF DVT

- PERFORM ROM EXERCISES ALSO LEGS EXERCISE CAN BE OTHER WAY TO ANSWER

7. DISCHARGE FOR VENOUS ULCERS SELECT ALL APPLY?

- ELEVATE THE FEET WHEN LAYING DOWN

- CHECK BROWNISH SKIN AROUND THE ANKLES

- VITAMINS

8. PT W/ SIADH:

- HARD CANDY FOR THIRST.

9. PT ARRIVE TO PACU POSTOP MOANING WHAT TO DO:

- CHECK PULSE, BP AND RESPIRATIONS.

10.Pt. DIAGNOSED RECENTLY W/ DM HAVE NOT BEEN ABLE TO CONTROL GLUCOSE LEVEL DURING 3 MONTH WHAT SHOULD BE DONE:

- CHECK FOR A1C LEVEL

- (OTHER SAY ASSESS FOR WHAT SHE HAVE BEEN EATING 3 DAYS AGO).

11.WHEN BP IS HIGH

- ADMINISTER (LASIX)

12.PATIENT W/ ESOPHAEGAL VARICES HAVE NOT BE BLEEDING FOR 3 DAYS:

- PROVIDE LUKE WARM BROTH, ICE TEA AND LEMON POPSICLE.

13.CALCULO:

- 0.75

14.PT WITH OSTEOMALCIA

- RISK FOR INJURY

15.SBAR—EXPLAIN SPECIFIC REASON FOR URGENT NOTIFICATON

- TEMPERATURE

16.INTESTINAL BOWEL OBSTRUCTION

- PLACE THE PT 90 DEGREES SITTING

17.OSTEOARTHRITIS

- RISK FOR INJURY RELATED TO JOINT PAIN

18.BONE CANCER TYPE IV:

- GIVE OPIODS- NON OPIODS ANALGESICS.

19.HYPOTHYROIDISM

- RESTRICT SODIUM NA 122

20.PT ARRIVES TO CLINIC W/ NUCHAL RIGIDITY FEVER FOR 6 HOURS WHAT TO DO:

- PREPARE FOR ISOLATION PRECAUTIONS

- ( I PUT THIS ONE AND NO LUMBAR PUNCTURE)

21.INTERMITENT CLAUDICATION TEACHING

- BANDAGE ELASTIC WRAPED AROUND LEGS

- TAMBIEN PUEDE SALIR COMO PAIN TRACTION CAST NOTIFY MD (CAST NO MORE THEN 4HR)

22.PREOPERATIVE NURSING CARE

- ASSESS EMOTIONAL PREPAREDNESS

- ALSO CAN BE CONCERNS AND ANXIETY FOR SURGERY DEPENDE LA QUE PONGAN

23.TRACHESTOMY CARE:

- LEAVE OLD TIES ON UNTIL NEW ONES BE ON PLACE OR SECURE.

24.STERNAL TRACTION COMPLAINS OF PAIN

- ADMINISTER PRN MEDS

25.EXTERNAL FIXATION

- ADMINISTER PRN MEDS

26.MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS (MS)

- ADMINISTER ANTIMEDICS/ PRN AS PRESCRIBED

27.FEMALE PATIENT HOW HAVE EPIGASTRIC PAIN FOR 3 DAYS HAVE BEEN TAKIN ANTACIDS AND NO RESOLVE ARRIVE TO HOSPITAL W/HR;128 BPM, BP110/70 WHAT IS THE MOST IMPORTANT INTERVENTION FINDING IN ASSESSMENT:

- ASSESS FOR RADIATING JAW PAIN.

28.Pt. W. RADIACTIVE THERAPY WHAT TO TEACH/ RECOMMEND TO

- PROTECT THAT PART OF THE SKIN SPECIALLY FROM THE SUN

29.Pt WITH ALS WHAT TO DO TO PREVENT RESPIRATORY COMPLICATIONS:

- TEACH BREATHING TECNIQUES, USES SPIROMETER, AUSCULTATE FOR BREATH OR LUNG SOUNDS.

30.PT WITH LEFT LEF ULCER:

- KEEP LEG ELEVATED AS MUCH AS HE CAN.

31.PT WITH AN EXTERNAL DEVICE COMPLAINING OF PAIN:

- ASSESS FOR PHERIPHERAL PULSES.

32.CALCULATION 1G/0.4 G

- = 2.5

33.EXAMPLES OF DASH DIET:

- PEEL FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.

34.CHEST TUBE W/ A DRAINAGE CHANGING FROM CLEAR TO GREEN:

- KEEP IV FLUIDS.

35.PT W/ OPEN ANGLE GLAUCOMA SELECT ALL THAT APPLY:

- FREQUENT EYE EXAM TO ASSES FOR VISSION,

- USE DROPS TO DIMINSH IOP,

- AVOID EXTRENOUS EXERCICES LIKE JOGGING OR RUNNING

- ( YO PUSE SOLO ESAS 3 RESPUESTAS).

36.PT W/ HYPERTHYROIDISM DEVELOPING EXOSPHTALMUS:

- PRESCRIBE TEAR EYE DROPS.

37.PT VOMITING BLOOD LIKE THE PICTURE SAME AS HEMATENSIS:

- CHECK VITAL SIGNS ( ASI ESTA EN TODOS LOS PAPELES)

- AUSCULTATE LUNGS SOUNDS ( FUE LO QUE PUSO YADIRA)

38.PATIENT W/ ML FELL AND WHEN RECEIVING THE NURSE HE HAVE 2 PROJECTILE VOMITS WHAT SHE DO:

- PROVIDE ANTIEMETICS PRN .

39.PT W/ RAYNAUD SYNDROME WHICH WORK AS A DATA ENTRY CLERK:

- PROVIDE A SPACE TO WARM THE ENVIROMENT NEXT TO HER

- ( ALGO ASI ERA LA RESPUESTA). Y HAY OTRA RESPUESTA QUE SOLO DICE KEEP MONITORING

40.PATIENT THAT HAVE THE K= 6.7 WHAT MEDICATION PROVIDE:

- KAYELAXATE (TREATS HYPERKALEMIA).

41.COLON CANCER PT

- KAYELAXATE Med

42.RENAL INJURY

- KAYELAXATE MED

43.PT WITH A BRONCHOSCOPY AND DRINK A GLASS OF JUICE :

- DELAY THE PROCEDURE 6 HOURS

44.NEW PATIENT DIAGNOSES WITH DM TYPE IS RECEIVING TEACHING IN WHICH GLUCOMETER WILL BE THE BEST:

- ASSESS FOR VISUAL ACUITY AND ABILITY TO READ OR SOMETHING LIKE THAT.

45.ABG (PH 7.25 PCO2 50 SODIUM 60

- TACHY AND CONFUSION/ RESPIRATORY

46.ACUTE AGN DIET:

- RESTRICT NA INTAKE.

47.PT W/ A EXPRESSIVE APHASIA IS ANGER WHAT SHOULD DO THE NURSE:

- CVA- COMMUNICATE W/ PICTURE BOARDS.

48.NURSE IS TEACHING THE WIFE IF A PATIENT DIAGNOSED W/ SEIZURE WHAT TO DO:

- TEACH HER HOW TO POSITION HIM

49.PT AFTER TTO OF SOMETHING AND WANTS TO EAT:

- NURSE ASSESS FOR BOWEL MOVEMENTS.

50.SLE:

- ASSESS FOR HEMATURIA

51.PATIENT ALLERGIC TO BANANA (LATEX):

- CALL TO MD AND OR STAFF TO BE CHANGE EVERYTHING FOR SINTHETIC MATERIALS,

52.SUBCUT EMPHYSEMA- TORACOTOMY WAS A SELECT ALL THAT APPLY:

- ASSESS FOR LUNG SOUNDS,

53.NECK DISTENTION

- THINK IT WAS AND OTHER CHOICE THAT I NOT REMEMBER NOW.

54.RESTLESS LEG SYNDROME CON FEOSOL:

- ASSESS FOR IRON AND FERRITIN.

55.BNP

- ADMINISTRATIVE FUROSEMIDE LASIX IV

56.PARKINSON PT WALKING

- REASURE THAT STEPPING ON CRACKLES IS NOT HARMFUL

57.ADDISON DISEASE

- TAKE CORTICOSTEROID MEDS

58.CARPO TONIC SYNDROME

- WEAR BRACE IN BOTH WRIST

59.PARKINSON AND ALZAIMERS PT

- TATICARDIC AND CONFUSION

60.MID ABDOMEN BURNING PAIN

- PEPTIC ULCER

61.ANTIBIOTICS

- CLEAR DRAINAGE IMPROVE

62.ALLOPRINOL FOR GOUT

- TAKE MEDS ALWAYS

63.BLOOD TRANSFUSION HIGH TEMPERATURE

- BACK PAIN AND HYPOTENSION

- ( ABO- LOW BACK PAIN AND HYPOTENSION)

64.CENTRAL FALL RISK

- CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE

65.RIGHT HIP FRACTURE

- O2 SAT LEVEL

66.DESCRIBE PAIN NEUROPATHY

- NERVOUS SYSTEM

67.ACUTE ABDOMINAL PAIN, NASUA, PROJECTIBLE VOMITING

- SEVERE HEADECHE AND PHOTO Sensitivity

68.UROLITHISIS O LITHOTRIPSY PROCEDURE

- RESTRICT PHYSICAL ACTION

69.UAP ( DICE EL PACIENTE QUE TIENE ABD PAIN LARGE TARRY STOOL

- TEST STOOL FOR OCCULT BLOOD

70.Insulin for a glucose level of 255 (Pte tmeblando despues que le pusieron insulin.)

- Obtain capillary glucose.

71.NGT proper tube procedure

- Elevate dead 60 to 90 degree….

72.RA (rheuma)

- Impaired peripheral mobility relate to join pain.

73.Finger stick glucose finding 50

- OC Level of conscious

74.BMI (una persona que pueden tener colon cancer)

- Large waist circumference with central fat




MORE QUESTIONS:

Review for Hesi: Recopilation:

1. Community Health/Geriatrics/Professional Issues-Leadership-Geriatric syndrome-home health

RN needs to go 4 patients and which one needs to see first:

A. The patient discharge yesterday and dehydrated

B. The patient start a new medication and is incontinence

C. The patient that doesn’t want to take a shower


2. Community Health/Medical Surgical-Renal/Reproductive-TURP-home care

The nurse is reinforcing home care instructions with a client who is being discharged following transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). Which intervention is most important for the nurse to include in the clients discharge instructions?

A- Avoid strenuous activity for 6 weeks

B- Report fresh blood in the urine

C- Take acetaminophen for fever 101

D- Consume 6 to 8 glasses of water daily


3. Community Health/Pediatrics/Professional Issues-Leadership/Legal/Ethical-School nurse role

The school nurse is implementing standards to manage students and provide a safe and healthy school setting. Which action is most important for the nurse to implement?

A- Maintain student immunization records

B- Develop an emergency plan for the school

C- Ensure that medical supplies are available

D- Conduct annual student health assessments


4. Community Health/Psychiatric/Mental Health/Fundamentals/Professional Issues/Medical Surgical-Anxiety/Communications/Basic Nursing Skills/Safety/Teaching-Infection-communication

A pt with possible pneumonia come to the hospital and the nurse need to do an assessment but the family don’t want to leave the room, what the nurse need to do first?

A –Call the security

B- Put the family out of the room

C- Put a pneumonia droplet sign in the door

D – Continue with the assessment and put mask to the family


5. Critical Care/Fundamentals-Med Administration/Math-IV-mcg/min-dopamine

DOPAMINE 198 LBS 7mcg/kg/minute, 500 mg and 400 ml. ml/hour?

Answer: 47

198:2.2=90

7x60x90=37800mcg

37800mcg:1000 to mlg=37.8 mlg

500mg:400ml=1.25

37.8:1.25=30.24


6. Critical Care/Fundamentals/Maternity/Pediatrics/Professional Issues-Basic Nursing Skills/Nutrition/Antepartum/Leadership-Community-primary prevention

A public health nurse receives funding to initiate a primary prevention program in the community. Which program best fits the nurse’s proposal?

A. Case management and screening for clients with HIV.

B. Regional relocation center for earthquake victims.

C. Vitamin supplements for high-risk pregnant women.

D. Lead screening for children in low-income housing.


7. Critical Care/Geriatrics/Medical Surgical-Renal-Acute Tubular Necrosis -GERI

Diabetic,renal no function,decrease urine or not urine, septic shock, check urine specific Gravity and osmolarity urine.

Acute Renal Failure: Low Protein

Chronic Renal Failure: NOT Protein at all

Asw possible:Urine claude and check input and output


8. Critical Care/Medical Surgical-Cardiovascular?Immune/Hematology/Integumentary/Respiratory-MODS-central line placement

NOTE: The Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome (MODS) can be defined as the development of potentially reversible physiologic derangement involving two or more organ systems not involved in the disorder that resulted in ICU admission, and arising in the wake of a potentially life-threatening physiologic insult.

Answer: Shock



9. Critical Care/Medical Surgical-Respiratory-Chest tube-tension pneumothorax

A client who is admitted to the intensive care unit with a right chest tube attached to a THORA-SEAL chest drainage unit becomes increasingly ……… and complains of difficulty breathing. The nurse determines the client is tachypnea with absent breath sounds in the client’s right lung fields. Which additional finding indicates that the client has developed a tension pneumothorax?

a. Continuous bubbling in the water- seal chamber.

b. Decreased bright red bloody drainage.

c. Tachypnea with difficulty breathing.

d. Tracheal deviation toward the left lung.

10. Critical Care/Medical Surgical-Respiratory/Trauma/Emergency-tension Pneumothorax

s/s disnea tatycardia hbp chest pain

Tension pneumothorax : insert 14 gage large bore needle or a chest tube insert. This procedure aloud immediate realizes of air plural space. Because is to air in a plural space and the lung collapsed

11. Fundamentals-Basic Nursing Skills-Aphasia

A patient with aphasia trying to say something to the RN “I want….” But she doesn’t finish the sentence, what the nurse need to do

A- Give extra time to finish the sentence

B- Ask the pt if she want to go to the bathroom

12. Fundamentals-Basic Nursing Skills/Elimination-Catheterize

A client is unable to void following a procedure, so the nurse obtains a prescription to perform a straight catheterization. After inserting the catheter, the nurse observes that the client has an immediate output of 500 ml of clear yellow urine. What action should the nurse implement next?

A) Remove the catheter and palpate the client’s bladder for residual distention.

B) Remove the catheter and replace with an indwelling catheter

C) Allow the bladder to empty completely or up to 1,000 ml of urine

D) Clamp the catheter for thirty minutes and then resume draining.

13. Fundamentals-Basic Nursing Skills/Mobility-Skin pressure point

Catheter in the skin is red:

a. Document

b. Evaluate (Check) every 30 minutes

c. Massaging

d. Leave on open air and monitor

14. Fundamentals-Basic Nursing Skills/Mobility-Trapeze use

*Answer: Check for upper strength extremities

15. Fundamentals-Basic Nursing Skills/Nutrition-Determine BMI

*Answer: HEIGHT AND WEIGHT

16. Fundamentals-Basic Nursing Skills/Safety-Apply PPE

ISOLATION PRECAUTIONS (ORDER):

1. WASH HANDS

2. PUT ON AN ISOLATION GOWN

3. APPLY A SURGICAL MASK

4. DON GLOVES

17. Fundamentals-Basic Nursing Skills/Safety-Electrical shock care

A toddler bit through an electrical cord and received a burn to the mouth and tongue region. The client’s parents bring the child to the nearest emergency department. Which action should the nurse take at this time?

A. Provide the client with an ice pack to apply to the mouth.

B. Encourage the client to suck on ice chips while waiting for the physician.

C. Stabilize the client and prepare for transport to a hospital with a burns center.

D. Monitor the client’s vital signs and reassure the parents that the client will recover.

NOTE: Electrical cord in floor: Check the pulse

18. Fundamentals-Basic Nursing Skills/Safety-Restrains-mittens

THE NURSE IS PLANNING CARE FOR A CHILD WHO IS COMPLAINING OF PERSISTENT ITCHING DUE TO SCABIES. WHICH MEASURE SHOULD THE NURSE IMPLEMENT TO MINIMIZE THE CLIEDS RISK FOR COMPLICATION?

A. KEEP THE CHILDS NAILS SHORT AND ENCOURAGE USE OF HAND MITTENS.

B. MONITOR FOR DESQUAMATION AND NORMAL FLORA OVERGROWTH

C. SHAVE THE BODY HAIR BEFORE APPLYING THE SCABICIDE LOTION

D. WAS SKIN BETWEEN APPLICATION OF TOPICAL ANTI PARASITIC DOSIS?

NOTE: WHEN YOU SEE MITTEN THAT IS THE ANSWER

19. Fundamentals-Med Administration-Aspirate-2 vials

Medicine:

1- Check Label

2- Put air in both

3- Take A

4- Take B

Insulin:

Air into B vial (cloudy)

Air into A vial (clear/regular)

Aspirate into the A,

And then aspirate the B

20. Fundamentals-Med Administration-IV sites

IV LEFT FOREARM INFILTRATED (SELECT ALL THAT APPLY):

A -LEFT HAND

B -LEFT SUBCLAVIAN

C -RIGHT HAND

D -RIGHT FOREARM

E -RIGHT SUBCLAVIAN

NOTE: NEVER USE SUBCLAVIAN FOR IV AND WHEN SOMETHING IS WRONG WITH THE ARM USE THE OTHER ONE

21. Fundamentals-Med Administration-Med error

A postoperative client has three different PRN analgesics prescribed for different levels. The nurse inadvertently administers a dose that is not within the prescribed parameters. What action should the nurse take first?

A. Administer a prescribed antidote.

B. Document the client’s responses.

C. Complete a medication error report.

D. Report to the healthcare provider.

NOTE: ALWAYS CONTACT THE HEALTHCARE PROVIDER TO VERIFY THE ORDER

22. Fundamentals-Med Administration-Secondary IV-regulate rate

The Primary is the left and the secondary is the right

23. Fundamentals-Med Administration/Math-IM-mcg & ml

FENTANYL GIVE 0.075 mg LABELED 50 mcg/ml

Answer: 1.5

24. Fundamentals-Med Administration/Math-Pre-filled syringe-dose calc-admin

KETOROLAC 15 mg IM 96 HOURS AVAILABLE 30 mg:

A- USE A SEPARATE SYRINGE TO REMOVE 15 MG

B- REMOVE 0.5

C- CALL THE DOCTOR FOR A NEW PRESCRIPTION

D- GIVE 30 MG

25. Fundamentals/Maternity-Basic Nursing Skills/Safety/Newborn-Newborn-fire evacuation

In a hospital a fire starts and the staff needs to take the newborns out. How can you follow this procedure?

A- Take 2 babies in the bassinet

B- Take 3 babies covered in a blanket through the stairs

C- Take 5 babies in the crib

D- Take the babies out with their mothers in a wheelchair

26. Fundamentals/Medical Surgical-Basic Nursing Skills-Fluid volume overload

After receiving IV fluids in the emergency department, an elderly client is admitted to the acute care unit with a medical diagnosis of dehydration. The client is receiving 0.9% normal saline at 125ml/hr. via a saline lock and has a bounding pulse, tachycardia, and pedal edema. When contacting the healthcare provider, the nurse anticipates a prescription for what intervention?

a. Decrease the rate of the normal saline infusion

b. Increase the rate of the normal saline solution

c. Change the IV solution to 0.45 saline solution

d. Remove the saline lock from the client’s arm

27. Fundamentals/Medical Surgical-Basic Nursing Skills/Elimination-Acute abdominal pain

Lower abdominal pain (Order):

1. POSITION BENT KNEES

2. Ask for last food that eat

3. DETERMINE BOWEL MOVEMENT

4. INSPECT ABDOMINAL

5. AUSCULTATE 4 QUADRANTS

28. Fundamentals/Medical Surgical-Basic Nursing Skills/Nutrition-Parkinson’s-meals

Answer: Provide privacy and give extra time to eat meals and snack

OJO

The spouse of a client with Parkinson’s wants to know how to best assist her husband during feeding as he is having "increasing problems with drooling and swallowing." What instruction should the nurse provide to the family member?

A) "Use thickened liquids along with upright positioning during feeding."

B) "It might be time to switch to enteral feedings if you are afraid that your husband may choke."

C) "Increase the amount of fluids he receives to decrease saliva formation and improve swallowing."

D) "Use a straw during feedings to facilitate swallowing."

29. Fundamentals/Medical Surgical-Basic Nursing Skills/Nutrition-Visually impaired-feeding-UAP

Reloj posisiones manecillas

A patient with chemicals in the eyes and is in the hospital. What the nurse tells to the UAP to do to help the patient with the food?

A- Give food to the patient in the mouth

B- Indicate to the patient where is the tray ( reorient )

C- Look how the patient eat

D- Finger food

30. Fundamentals/Medical Surgical-Basic Nursing Skills/Safety-Huntington’s chorea

*ANSWER: padding on the side rail

Or llevarlo a la cafeteria

31. Fundamentals/Medical Surgical-Basic Nursing Skills/Safety-Hyperglycemia-vomiting

TYPE 1 DIABETES MELLITUS BLOOD GLUCOSE 420 BEGINS VOMIT:

A- TURN THE CLIENT TO A LATERAL position

B- OBTAIN A FINGER STICK GLUCOSE

32. Fundamentals/Medical Surgical-Basic Nursing Skills/Safety-MRI

A PATIENT SCHEDULED MRI AND SAID THAT HAS A METAL TOOTH. WHAT THE RN NEED TO DO?

A- ASSESS PT FEAR TO THE TEST

B- CONSULTS RADIOLOGY

C- SEND PT TO X-RAY INSTEAD

D- CANCEL THE TEST.

33. Fundamentals/Medical Surgical-Integumentary/Operative-JP drain full

POSTOPERATIVE DRESSING: ABDOMINAL WOUND WITH JACKSON PRATT DRAIN. WHAT THE NURSE DO FIRST? (PICTURE)

A- ASSESS THE SURGICAL WOUND

B- SQUEEZE

C- EMPTY

34. Fundamentals/Medical Surgical-Med Administration-IV-gravity infusion flow rate

(Question with 4 pictures) Overflow:

A- ARM

B- ARM AND FOREARM

C- IV DRIP

D- IV REGULATION

35. Fundamentals/Medical Surgical-Med Administration/Math-IV-Heparin-units

HEPARIN SODIUM 25000 IN 5% 500 ml

Answer: 36

36. Fundamentals/Medical Surgical-Renal-Diuretic & daily weight

Discharge teaching to a patient with heart failure what parameter is most important for weight monitoring

*Answer: Weight the patient at the same time, Same Scale, same cloth type)

The nurse is preparing a teaching plan for a client taking a prescribed diuretic for edema in the lower extremities. What instruction should the nurse include in this teaching plan?

A- Stop taking the medication when the edema in the lower extremities subsides.

B- Take the diuretic every day, regardless of weight loss or muscle weakness.

C- Limit fluid intake while taking the diuretic to reduce fluid retention.

D- Weight yourself daily at the same time and report excessive weight loss.

37. Fundamentals/Pathophysiology-Basic Nursing Skills/Hygiene/Safety-Handwashing

HAND WASHING:

A- Reduces spread of microorganism. Bio…..

B- Lock virus

C- Lock in human virus

38. Fundamentals/Pathophysiology/Professional Issues/Medical Surgical-Basic Nursing Skills/Nutrition/Teaching-DM2 and CKD-diet

Ketoacidosis Diet

A- Banana, whole bread…

B- Oatmeal……

C- 6 oz Coffee, strawberry, artificial sweetening

D-Egg, butter

39. Fundamentals/Pediatrics-Basic Nursing Skills/Nutrition-infant weight-1-month

AT THE 1 MONTH OLD CLINIC VISIT, AN INFANTS NUDE WEIGHT IS 600 GRAM MORE THAT AT BIRTH. WHICH INTERVENTION SHOULD THE NURSE IMPLEMENT?

A. ENCOURAGE GIVING 2 OUNCES OF WATER BETWEEN FEEDINGS.

B. RECOMMENDED ADING KARO SYRUP TO EACH FORMA FEEDING

C. DOCUMENT INFANT’S WEIGHT ON GROWTH CHART

D. CHECK THE INFANT’S WEIGHT USING A METRIC SCALE.

NOTE: ANSWER: 600 grams

40. Fundamentals/Pediatrics-Med Administration-Oral susp-resisting-PEDI

A child that resists taking the medication:

a. Parents help the nurse holding him

b. Provide the child juice with the medication

c. Explain to the child that if he doesn’t take the medication, he won’t feel better.

41. Fundamentals/Pediatrics-Med Administration/Math-Calculation-PO dose-3x/wk/BSA

The healthcare provider prescribes methotrexate 7.5 mg PO weekly, in 3 divided doses for a child with rheumatoid arthritis whose body surface area (BSA) is 0.6 m2. The therapeutic dosage of methotrexate PO is 5 to 15 mg/m2/week. How many mg should the nurse administer in each of the three doses given week?

Answer: 2.5

42. Fundamentals/Pediatrics-Med Administration/Math-IV-ml/hour-PEDI Vanco

400 mg 6 hours, 100 ml one and half hour

Answer: 67

43. Fundamentals/Pediatrics/Professional Issues/Medical Surgical-Basic Nursing Skills/Safety/Leadership-Airborne precautions

Un Nino que los Padres lo llevaron al ER

A. Mandarlo a la casa

B. RN ponerse el precaution

C. Ponerle una mascara al nino.

B

*(Isolated room)

* Airborne precautions:

1. Diseases

a. Measles

b. Chickenpox (varicella)

c. Disseminated varicella zoster

d. Tuberculosis

2. Barrier protection

a. Single room is maintained under negative pressure; door remains closed except upon entering and exiting.

b. Negative airflow pressure is used in the room, with a minimum of 6 to 12 air exchanges p hour depending on health care agency protocol.

c. Ultraviolet germicide irradiation or high-efficiency particulate air filter is used in the room

d. Health care workers wear mask or personal respiratory protection device.

e. Mask placed on client when client is out of the room; client leaves the room only if necessary.

44. Fundamentals/Professional Issues-Basic Nursing Skills/Nutrition/Cultural/Spiritual-Hindu diet

A Hindu patient… what can the nurse do?

A- REMOVE BEEF FROM PT MEAL TRAIL

B- ENCOURAGE FAMILY TO BRING FOOD FROM HOME

C- SHOW THE CARDIAC MENU TO THE PATIENT

D- GIVE TO THE PATIENT WHAT HE WANTS

45. Fundamentals/Professional Issues-Med Administration/Documentation-Bar code scan-med administration

When administering a new medication to a client, the nurse uses a scanner to register the nurse?

A) Use the scanner to register the bar code on the client’s identification bracelet.

B) Document the medication administration on the client’s computerized record.

C) Remove the medication from the unit dose packaging while verifying the dose.

D) Reconcile the medication to be administered with the initial client prescription.

46. Fundamentals/Professional Issues/Medical Surgical-Basic Nursing Skills/Nutrition/Teaching- Hypertension diet

A PATIENT WITH HIGH BP, THE NURSE GIVE A TEACHING FOR WHAT CAN HE EAT FOR LUNCH?

A- TOMATO JUICE AND GLUTEN FREE CRACKERS

B- BAKED SWEET POTATO

47. Fundamentals/Professional Issues/Medical Surgical-Basic Nursing Skills/Safety/Teaching-Influenza precautions

Patient with influenza. Dehydrated and pneumonia:

A. Droplet precaution

B. Family member wear mask

NOTE: Droplet precautions should be implemented for patients with suspected or confirmed influenza for 7 days after illness onset or until 24 hours after the resolution of fever and respiratory symptoms, whichever is longer, while a patient is in a healthcare facility.

48. Fundamentals/Professional Issues/Medical Surgical-Med Administration/Teaching-Insulin adm-teaching 1

(PICTURE)

The nurse shows the mom of the child how to use insulin for the child that is diabetic:

A- ASSIST THE MOTHER IN

B- THE CORRECT ANGLE

C- LOCATING THE CORRECT SITE

Or assess

45 Angle

Pen 90 angle

49. Fundamentals/Professional Issues/Medical Surgical-Teaching-Pursed lip breathing 2

VIDEO *Pursed lip Breathing: IN and OUT

(Inhale through the nose and exhale by mouth)

50. Geriatrics/Medical Surgical-Integumentary-Skin care-GERI

An older male resident of a long-term care facility has been scratching his legs for the past 2 days. Which intervention should the nurse implement?

A) Explain the importance of bathing or showering daily.

B) Keep the legs covered as much as possible.

C) Apply emollient to affect area at least twice daily.

D) Encourage fluid intake of at least 2,000 ml daily.

51. Maternity–Antepartum –Fetal stress - Tachycardia

The nurse is assessing a primigravida at 39-weeks gestation during a weekly prenatal visit. Which finding is most important for the nurse to report to the healthcare provider?

A) Reports intermittent low back pain.

B) Fetal heart rate of 200 beats/minutes

C) Complains of early morning heartburn

D) Maternal hemoglobin of 11.0 g/ dl or 110 g/l (SI)

*Note: Normal FHR pregnant women: 120-160

52. Maternity – Intrapartum – Intrapartum pain management

PREGNANT WOMEN WITH 8 CM DE DILATATION Y 100%, SHE WANTS TO GET HYDROCHLORIDE (DON’T REMEMBER THE EXACTLY NAME) FOR PAIN:

A- ADMINISTER EPIDURAL

B- ADMINISTER HYDROCHLORIDE

C- RELAXATION TECHNIQUE

53. Maternity – Postpartum – Hemorrhage postpartum

Possible asw: Check for clots and lochia

54. Maternity – Postpartum – Priority management-postpartum

After receiving shift report, the nurse working on a postpartum unit should assessment first?

A) Vaginal birth today whose infant is refusing to breastfeed.

B) Cesarean birth of twin today who is new complaining of pain.

C) Post-cesarean birth today with fundus at the umbilicus.

D- Multipara vaginal birth yesterday saturating two pads hours.

55. Maternity/Medical Surgical – Antepartum – Barbiturates & pregnancy

The nurse is evaluating medication teaching. Which statement by a female who takes a barbiturate for sleep indicates she understands the teaching?

a) “I should ensure that I do not become pregnant while taking this medication.”

b) “I must take my birth control pill in the morning and my sleeping pill at night.”

c) “I will increase the amount I take in small doses if I can’t sleep through the night.”

d) “I should take my anxiety pill, alprazolam, only when I really need it.”

56. Maternity/Medical Surgical –Postpartum –Post vaginal delivery-diaphragm

Patient that had a vaginal birth, diaphragm. What teaching the nurse need to give to the patient?

A- 2 or 6 hours before intercourse

B- Re-adapt

C- Resisted diaphragm

D- Is no anticoncertive

57. Maternity/Professional Issues-Antepartum/Cultural/Spiritual-Pregnancy-cultural awareness

Pregnant women first prenatal visit at 12 weeks

A - Concern about delivery

B - Parenting

C - Complication during pregnancy

D - CHILDHOOD

58. Maternity/Professional Issues-Antepartum/Leadership-BPP-fetal well-being

Four clients arrive on the labor and delivery unit at the same time. Which client should the nurse assess first?

a) A 41-week multigravida who is scheduled induction of labor today.

b) A 38-week primagravida who reports contractions occurring every 10 minutes.

c) A 36-week multigravida with a prescription for serial blood pressure.

d) A 39-week primigravida with biophysical profile score of 5 out of 8

59. Medical Surgical-Cardiovascular-Angina-exercise

A male client with angina pectoris is being discharged from the hospital. What instructions should the nurse plan to include to the discharge teaching?

a. Engage in physical exercise immediately after eating to help decrease cholesterol levels.

b. Walk briskly in cold weather to increase cardiac output.

c. Keep nitroglycerin in a light-colored plastic bottle and readily available.

d. Avoid all isometric exercises, but walk regularly.

60. Medical Surgical-Cardiovascular-Arterial sheath

Saunder 791

Arterial sheath : Pedal pulses and colour, warmth movement and sensation of affected leg & foot Asses insertion site for bleeding, pain, tenderness, swelling or haematoma. No levantarse hasta despues de 8 hrs

A patient recovering left femoral atrial sheath. What finding requires immediate intervention (Select all that apply?)

A. Tenderness on insertion site

B. Left groin egg size

C. Quarter size of drainage

D. Unrelieved back, flank pain

E. Cool/pale left foot

The nurse in the outpatient unit is caring for a client who had a right femoral cardiac cauterization two hours ago .What assessment findings requires immediate intervention?

A. The client wants assistance walking to the bathroom

B. Clients pulse oximeter is 98%

C. The client right feed is warn to touch

D. The client B/P is 110/70 and pulse 90

OJO CON ESTA NO SALIO PERO HAY QUE VERLA

61. Medical Surgical-Cardiovascular-Atenolol

The healthcare provider prescribes atenolol 50 mg PO daily for a client with angina pectoris. Which finding should the nurse report to the healthcare provider before administering the medication?

a) Chest pain.

b) Urinary frequency.

c) Tachycardia.

d) Irregular pulse.

62. Medical Surgical-Cardiovascular-Atrial fibrillation-assess

Atrial fibrillation, or A-Fib, is the most common heart rhythm disorder in the United States. It’s a condition in which the electrical impulses that control muscle contractions in the upper chambers of the heart become rapid and chaotic. About 160,000 new cases of A-Fib are diagnosed in the U.S. each year–but physicians believe that many people who have A-Fib have not been diagnosed.

The likelihood of developing A-Fib increases with age. The majority of people diagnosed with A-Fib are 55 or older. Between three and five percent of people over age 65 and nine percent of people over the age of 80 have A-Fib.

Diagnosing and treating A-Fib are important because, left untreated, it can lead to a number of serious heart conditions. Patients with A-Fib are also five times more likely to suffer a stroke. (Although you should see a doctor to diagnose A-Fib, one way to help asses your risk is to take your pulse. Click here for a step-by-step guide–or watch Archie Manning show how it’s done.)

One complicating factor is that the signs and symptoms of A-Fib can vary greatly from patient to patient. Some people experience a sudden heart flutter or tremor, or feel their heart “speed up” suddenly; other patients with A-Fib may not feel anything at all. Other symptoms can include:

Shortness of breath

Fatigue

Weakness or difficulty exercising

Chest pain

Sweating

Dizziness

Fainting

A-Fib is not an emergency–but it is a serious condition. If you suspect you have A-Fib you should see your doctor immediately. Contact your primary care doctor–or find a St.Vincent doctor near you. Or make an appointment to see an A-Fib specialist at the St.Vincent A-Fib Center of Excellence. We can discuss the many treatment options available to treat and cure A-Fib–and help choose the one that’s right for you.

63. Medical Surgical-Cardiovascular-BP-variance in arms

*Change the arm or wait 5 min and change the arm

64. Medical Surgical-Cardiovascular-High BP-vasoconstriction

A patient is diagnosed with MALIGNANT HYPERTENSION, patient likes skiing and asks if is ok to continue:

A. “COLD WEATHER MAY CONSTRICT YOUR BLOOD VESSELS AND INCREASE BP”

B. “SKIING MIGHT PRODUCE TOO MUCH EXERTION”

C. “SHOULD BE OK AS SOON AS YOU CONFINE SKIING

D. “GO FOR IT IS A TERRIFIC WORKOUT



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